An Introduction to 60 Series Toyota Land CruisersThey don't make'm like they used to.
A Brief History of the 60 Series Land Cruiser
The 60 series Toyota Land Cruiser was produce by Toyota Motor Company from 1980 to 1990. The 60 series Land Cruiser was a step up in comfort from the FJ55 model that preceded it. This was due in part to growing demand for such a vehicle in Japan and the need to compete with Land Rover in the United States. the model 60 series debuted with both a gasoline and diesel engine option, the 2F (gas) and 3B (diesel) engines. the 2F engine is the same engine that had been used for many years in the FJ40. Diesel variants of the 60 series were not sold in the United States.
The HJ60 was released in 1982. It was equipped with an inline 6 cylinder diesel engine (2H) and many luxury features including an electric moon roof and remote control mirrors. The FJ and BJ 60 series eventually became the FJ61 and BJ61. A GX (luxury) version was eventually added for the FJ and BJ 61.
The FJ62 was produced starting in 1984. However, the 62 model was not sold in the U.S. until 1988. It came with an automatic 4-speed transmission and electronic fuel injected 4.0L inline 6-cylinder engine (3FE).
In 1985 the 12H-T engine was added to the 60 series in the HJ61. The 12H-T is a diesel engine with a direct injection turbo setup.
There were over 2500 variations of the 60 series Land Cruiser sold around the world. Option packages were available in some markets called the G, GX, VX, GXL, and Sahara.
1980 – 1987. 2F engine. 4-speed or 5-speed manual.
1980 – 1984. 3B engine.
1982 – 1990. 2H engine.
1982 – 1987. 2F engine.
1983 – 1987. 3B engine.
1985 – 1990. 12H-T engine.
1984 – 1990. 3F or 3FE engine. 4-speed automatic.
Also see: Specs for 60 Series Land Cruisers
Why 60 Series Land Cruisers Are so Great
Simple, Durable, Capable, Comfortable, Reliable, Beautiful. These are the words that describe the Toyota Land Cruiser 60 series.
The 60 series started out with manual locks, windows, mirrors, and carbureted gasoline or diesel engines, a manual transmission, and solid axles. Later models added more electric components.
The 60 series was the first attempt by Toyota to make the Land Cruiser a more passenger friendly car. The seating, sound proofing, and adjusted spring rate added to the comfortable, and air conditioning was an option.
All 60 series Land Cruisers came with body-on-frame construction. The body-on-frame design helps keep the body from twisting and getting misaligned after years of driving on rough terrain.
60 series Land Cruisers are simple compared to 4x4s on the market today. They don’t have extensive electrical components and are easy to repair. All engines that came in the 60 series are known for their longevity. Overall there are very few week points in these vehicles.
With solid axles, engines with good low-end torque, good ground clearance, and of course 4WD, any 60 series Land Cruiser is off-road capable in stock form. They are also easy to modify to improve off-road performance.
There is really no denying that the 60 series is really nice to look at. The 60 series has a truly timeless and iconic design.
Also see: Why Am I so Crazy About FJ60s?
Why 60 Series Land Cruisers Aren’t So Great
While it is nice to have lots of storage space, the backend sticks out far past the rear axle making it easy to get hung up on obstacles.
Birfield joints are used to connect the axles to the wheels and have a reputation for breaking under extreme stress.
The fuel economy for the 2F and 3F is usually between 10 mpg and 15 mpg. The 3B and 2H diesel engines should get between 20 and 30 mpg.